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Term: Italia

Description

Inhabited since 50,000 BC; settled by Indo-Europeans 1850 BC, Etruscans 1600 BC, & Greeks 800 BC; united by Romans 270 BC; independent states rose after fall of Holy Roman Empire, notably Naples, Milan, Florence, Venice & papacy; reunited in 19th cen.; official language is Italian, though significant minorities speak German, French & Slovene.